Sacramento was founded in 1839 with the arrival of John Sutter on the shore of the American River. With a Mexican land grant, Sutter and his company established Sutter's Fort which was located on level ground at an elevation of approximately 20 feet (6.1 m) above mean sea datum. The settlement grew and became permanent and businesses grew. Sutter and his companion helped develop the commercial center but what really created the City of Sacramento was the Gold Rush in 1848. In a nearby foothills, James Marshall discovered gold.
Today Sacramento is California's Capitol City. Smoking is prohibited by state law at all restaurants and bars, most workplaces. The pace of life is somewhat slower than in other large Californian cities, and the people are generally warm and friendly.